A long handle made from some other wood may be inserted into the base of the bundle and used as a two-handed broom. Rigby (1995) assigned them to modern Cocos nucifera based on its size. Distribution, Origin and Cultivation of the Coconut Palm. [85], The coconut is the national tree of the Maldives and is considered the most important plant in the country. They can be sorted mainly into tall cultivars, dwarf cultivars, and hybrid cultivars (hybrids between talls and dwarfs). Early Spanish explorers called it coco, which means “monkey face” because the three indentations (eyes) on the hairy nut resembles the head and face of a monkey. English: coconut palm; copra It is one of the most useful plants worldwide and is usually known as the tree of life. The … Cocos nucifera L. Preferred Common Name. coconnut, It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (1,500–2,500 mm [59–98 in] annually), which makes colonizing shorelines of the tropics relatively straightforward. Plants are intolerant of cold weather and prefer copious precipitation, as well as full sunlight. coconut palm. Coconut Oil, also called Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, is a pale-yellow, semisolid, edible oil. [14], In March 1521, a description of the coconut was given by Antonio Pigafetta writing in Italian and using the words "cocho"/"cochi", as recorded in his journal after the first European crossing of the Pacific Ocean during the Magellan circumnavigation and meeting the inhabitants of what would become known as Guam and the Philippines. Some dried coconut is purely coconut, but others are manufactured with other ingredients, such as sugar, propylene glycol, salt, and sodium metabisulfite. DESCRIPTION. [23] They are now almost ubiquitous between 26° N and 26° S except for the interiors of Africa and South America. As mentioned above, it is derived from the old Portuguese and Spanish word coco, which means ‘head’ or ‘skull’. Thus the new name for the family Palmae became Arecaceae. The white, fleshy part of the seed, the coconut meat, is used fresh or dried in cooking, especially in confections and desserts such as macaroons and buko pie. [76], The Philippines is the world's second-largest producer of coconuts. Scientific Name: Cocos L. (Arecaceae) nucifera L. Related Plants 'Fiji Dwarf' 'Green Malayan' 'Jamaican Tall' 'Malay … Coconut fruit in the wild are light, buoyant, and highly water resistant. A study in 2008 showed that the coconuts in the Americas are genetically closest related to coconuts in the Philippines, and not to any other nearby coconut populations (including Polynesia). Nor were there coconuts on the east side of the African coast until Vasco da Gama, nor in the Caribbean when first visited by Christopher Columbus. Common Names: Cocos nucifera The Coconut / Buko tree ; (Cocos nucifera), is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) The Coconut / Buko tree is of the genus Cocos. 'Cocos nucifera' lethal yellowing phytoplasma CILY-43-100-1. A dried half coconut shell with husk can be used to buff floors. Plant Name. [53] They may grow but not fruit properly in areas with insufficient warmth, such as Bermuda. [90], It is one of the most useful trees in the world.[48]. Preferred scientific name Cocos nucifera L. There are no other known species in the genus Cocos. Cocos nucifera, Coconut Palm. The UAE has, however, imposed strict laws on mature coconut tree imports from other countries to reduce the spread of pests to other native palm trees, as the mixing of date and coconut trees poses a risk of cross-species palm pests, such as rhinoceros beetles and red palm weevils. In Cambodia, the roots are used in traditional medicine as a treatment for dysentery. It is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents. [69], Brontispa longissima (coconut leaf beetle) feeds on young leaves, and damages both seedlings and mature coconut palms. But we had laid about half among the special provisions below deck, with the waves washing around them. But research on them is still ongoing to determine which of them (if any) actually belong to the genus Cocos. [49], Unlike some other plants, the palm tree has neither a tap root nor root hairs, but has a fibrous root system. [128], Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in personal hygiene products and cosmetics, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, cleansers and antiseptics, among others. Some of the dwarf cultivars such as 'Malayan dwarf' have shown some promising resistance to lethal yellowing, while other cultivars such as 'Jamaican tall' are highly affected by the same plant disease. The evolutionary origin of the coconut is under dispute, with theories stating that it may have evolved in Asia, South America, or on islands in the Pacific. 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